Originally Posted by Warfish
We disagree, because we see the role of taxation very differently.
You see (as you've stated) the role of taxation as one of "fundamental redistribution" of wealth amongst the populace, i.e. economic collectivism. Wealth should not reside in the hands of who earned it, it should be taken by the State and issued back out to those the State find worthy/needy in order to flatten the wealth distribution to a more "Equal" collectivist end result.
I see taxation only as a means to fund vital Governement functions, such as Defense, Courts, etc, and is a burden that should be as equally shared amongst all citizens as is humanly possible. Taxation should, in my view, never be used to simply take from one to give to another as the goal, or to promote social engineering, or similar.
True equallity is impossible, as it would entail every person paying the same amount (not rate, amount) each year, and would be the system I would choose. The closest realistic option is a Flat Tax % rate, and I continue to support it, an oppose in totallity any form of taxation whose purpose is the systemic, political-based redistribution of wealth from those who earned it to those who did not.
See we disagree on the role of government. I think government, does and has done in the past, advance the population. The GI Bill, funding for NASA, research and development funding, student loans, having social security so we can have a population that work a job that isn't necessarily high income but good for society and be able to support themselves in retirement.
I want the best and the brightest to have the least path of resistance to achieving for themselves, and therefore, the rest of the society. IMO, the best way to do that is to tax the rich and big inheritances and invest it in our own people - rich and poor. The government can research the cutting edge because it does not need to meet quarterly profits, it can lay the initial groundwork with things like NASA and then a company like Space X can come along and cut costs and develop a profitable business.