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Thread: France opposes UN Sudan sanctions

  1. #1
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    May 1999
    France says it does not support US plans for international sanctions on Sudan if violence continues in Darfur.

    The UN Security Council is debating a US draft resolution imposing sanctions on militias accused of "ethnic cleansing" against non-Arabs.

    The US also hinted that the sanctions could be extended to the government.

    Meanwhile, African leaders have urged Khartoum to stop bombing Darfur and say their proposed 300-strong force will have a mandate to protect civilians.

    US Secretary of State Colin Powell says promises to reign in the pro-government militia, known as the Janjaweed, have not been kept by Khartoum so far.

    "Only action not words can win the race against death in Darfur," he said.

    'Civil war'

    Some one million people have fled their homes and at least 10,000 have been killed in what the UN calls "the world's worst humanitarian crisis."

    A rebellion broke out in Darfur early last year, when two groups took up arms, accusing the government of ignoring the region.

    'World's worst humanitarian crisis'

    "In Darfur, it would be better to help the Sudanese get over the crisis so their country is pacified rather than sanctions which would push them back to their misdeeds of old," junior Foreign Minister Renaud Muselier told French radio.

    France led opposition to US moves at the UN over Iraq. As was the case in Iraq, it also has significant oil interests in Sudan.

    Mr Muselier also dismissed claims of "ethnic cleansing" or genocide in Darfur.

    "I firmly believe it is a civil war and as they are little villages of 30, 40, 50, there is nothing easier than for a few armed horsemen to burn things down, to kill the men and drive out the women," he said.

    Human rights activists say the Janjaweed are conducting a genocide against Darfur's black African population.

    Those who have fled their homes say the Janjaweed ride on horses and camels into villages which have just been bombed by government aircraft, killing the men and raping the women.

    Sudan denies backing the militia and, under strong international pressure, has promised to disarm them.

    Travel ban

    Chairman of the African Union Commission Alpha Oumar Konare said that the 300 troops would arrive in Sudan by the end of July.

    He said they would intervene if they saw civilians being killed.

    The government of Sudan is clearly on a short leash

    John Danforth
    US Ambassador to the UN
    "We have called for a halt to the bombings... We received promises today from Khartoum," he said.

    Analysts say that at least 15,000 troops would be needed to bring peace to the vast area of Darfur.

    The BBC's Barnaby Phillips says the African Union is determined to be taken seriously as a body devoted to solving the continent's problems, but is severely hampered by a lack of resources.

    African leaders say they hope richer countries will also do their bit to help.

    A draft UN resolution proposed by the US envisages travel and arms sanctions on Janjaweed.

    A previous Security Council statement on Darfur failed to criticise Khartoum directly, after resistance from Pakistan and China, instead urging cooperation and the disarming of the Janjaweed.

    Question of time

    The Security Council met in closed session for several hours on Wednesday and the draft resolution is being discussed again on Thursday.

    Council members disagree over how long the Sudanese government should be given to resolve the situation itself, says the BBC's Stephen Gibbs in New York.

    The 'Janjaweed' militia are accused of ethnic cleansing
    Some countries, including Pakistan, say that Sudan should be allowed sufficient time to demonstrate that it means what it says.

    But the US remains sceptical over Sudan's commitment to act.

    The US draft resolution threatens to escalate the sanctions within 30 days if results are not evident.

    But diplomats hope that tough talking will force Sudan to act, our correspondent says.

    They admit that imposing such a resolution on the largest country in Africa is fraught with difficulty, he says.

  2. #2
    The French are probably somehow involved in some corrupt business deals with the Sudanese just as they were with Iraq.

    I hope Bush drops a Daisy Cutter on Chiraque's house.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Apr 2003
    Greenwich Village, NY
    Has anyone ever gotten tot the bottom of the French Government's involvement and profiting from the genocide in Rwanda? I remember reading about French intervention prolonging the Hutu's regimine and profiting from the sale of machettes in Rwanda.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Apr 2003
    Greenwich Village, NY
    [quote][i]Originally posted by Lawyers, Guns and Money[/i]@Jul 8 2004, 07:25 PM
    [b] Has anyone ever gotten tot the bottom of the French Government's involvement and profiting from the genocide in Rwanda? I remember reading about French intervention prolonging the Hutu's regimine and profiting from the sale of machettes in Rwanda. [/b][/quote]
    Just did a quick google and found this, they truely have some nerve criticizing oithers:

    Rwanda May Indict French Military for Their Role in 1994 Genocide

    By Brian Carnell

    Monday, September 16, 2002

    Last month Reuters reported that Rwanda may try to indict several French military officers for their alleged role in aiding the 1994 genocide in that country as well as providing protection for the former Rwandan government as it fled the country in the summer of 1994.

    In 1998, a French parliamentary commission looked into the charges and found that there had been "errors of judgment" but no direct French participation in genocide.

    Beginning in 1990, the French government had been a major supporter of the Hutu-led government, supplying it with large amounts of military aid and training, including the loaning of French officers. The charges surrounding the French involvement with the genocide include:

    The French continued aid and training even after the Rwandan army began training the militias that would ultimately carry out the genocide.
    According to some witnesses, the French continued to supply arms to the Rwandan military even after the genocide was underway.
    That France's humanitarian intervention, Operation Turquoise, in June 1994 allowed those who masterminded the genocide to flee to Zaire
    Operation Turquoise is interesting, especially given France's habit of complaining about U.S. military actions in the world. Basically they sent 2,500 soldiers backed with 100 armed vehicles and limited air support. The soldiers largely stood around while the genocide continued just beyond their reach. They did save an estimated 10,000 Tutsis, but they also did the job of providing a rear guard for the Hutu government to escape the advancing Rwandan Patriotic Front army (who the French had saved the Hutu government from on previous occasions). France also did much to create a false impression that the RPF was engaged in genocide as well.

    French President Francois Mitterand best expressed his government's view of the genocide when, at its height, he reportedly quipped that, "In those countries, a genocide is not really important."


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